ŠC—m‘‡Ž«“TOcean Comprehensive Dictionary, ‰p˜aŠC—m¶•¨Ž«“T English-Japanese Marine Life Dictionary

English-Japanese Marine Life Dictionary
‰p˜aŠC—m¶•¨Ž«“T

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    haddock: n.(pl. `, `s)[‹›]ƒnƒhƒbƒN [–k‘吼—mŽY‚̃^ƒ‰‚̈êŽíA[–k‘吼—mŽY‚Ì]ƒ^ƒ‰(¨ rose fish); Melanogrammus aeglefinus; cf. finnan haddie].
    ^a January haddock: ˆêŒŽ‚̃^ƒ‰[Å‚à”ü–¡‚Æ‚³‚ê‚é].

    hagfish: n.ƒkƒ^ƒEƒiƒMAƒƒNƒ‰ƒEƒiƒM(¨ Myxine).

    hair seal: n.[“®]ƒAƒVƒJEƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV(earless seal)[‚Ì—Þ][‘e–Ñ‚Ì‚Ý‚ð‚à‚¿A_–Ñ‚ð‚à‚½‚È‚¢; _–Ñ‚ð‚à‚ ƒIƒbƒgƒZƒC‚Æ‚Í‹æ•Ê‚³‚ê‚é; fur seal‚Æ‚Í•Ê](cf. fur seal); ‚»‚ê‚ç‚̖є祐»•i.

    hairtail: n.[‹›]ƒ^ƒ`ƒEƒI(cutlass fish).

    hairy stingfish: n.ƒIƒjƒJƒTƒS, Scorpaenopsis cirrosa.

    hake: n.[‹›]ƒƒ‹ƒ‹[ƒT[‚Ì—Þ‚Ì‹›][ƒ^ƒ‰‰È‚̐H—p‹›; ƒ^ƒ‰‚̈êŽíAƒ^ƒ‰‚Ì—Þ; Merluccius vulgaris]; [‹]barracouta.

    halfbeak: n.[‹›]ƒTƒˆƒŠ(×‹›)[ƒTƒˆƒŠ‰È‚Ì‹›‚Ì‘Ì; Hemiramphus‘®].
    ^halfbeak: n.ƒTƒˆƒŠ‰ÈAƒTƒˆƒŠ—Þ(Hemiramphidae).

    halfmoon butterflyfish: n.ƒ`ƒ‡ƒEƒnƒ“; Chaetodon Iunula.

    half-mouthed sardine: n.ƒJƒ^ƒNƒ`ƒCƒƒV.

    halibut: n.[‹›](pl. -but, -buts)ƒIƒqƒ‡ƒE [–k—mŽYE–k•ûŠC—mŽY‚Ì‘åƒqƒŒƒ]AƒIƒIƒqƒ‰ƒ(‘åé·)[‘吼—mŽY: Hypoglossus hypoglossusB‘¾•½—mŽY: H. stenolepis]; ƒIƒqƒ‡ƒE‚É—Þ‚·‚éƒJƒŒƒC.

    haliotis: n.[ŠL]ƒ~ƒ~ƒKƒC [Haliotis‘®‚Ì‘Ì].

    haliplankton: n.‰–…ƒvƒ‰ƒ“ƒNƒgƒ“AŠC—m•‚—V¶•¨.

    halobiont: n.‰–¶¶•¨.

    halophile: n.[¶‘Ô]D‰–«¶•¨AD‰–×‹ÛAD‰–‹Û.

    halophilic, halophilous: adj.¨ halophilic bacteria: D‰–(‚±‚¤‚¦‚ñ)[«]×‹Û.

    halophyte: n.[¶‘Ô]‰–¶A•¨(cf. mesophyte).
    ^halophytic: adj.[A•¨‚È‚Ç]‰–¶‚Ì(salsuginous) [ŽQl] halobiont: [¶‘Ô]‰–¶¶•¨.

    haloplankton: n.[¶‘Ô]‰–¶ƒvƒ‰ƒ“ƒNƒgƒ“ [‰pŒê] haloplankton: Organisms whose life cycle is spent in the plankton.

    hammerhead, hammerhead shark, hammerheaded shark: n.ƒVƒ…ƒ‚ƒNƒUƒA“³–ØŽL.

    hammer oyster: n.ƒVƒ…ƒ‚ƒNŠL.

    hapuku, -ka: n.[NZ][‹›]ƒjƒ…[ƒW[ƒ‰ƒ“ƒhŽü•ÓŽY‚̃XƒYƒL‰È‚̐H—p‹›AuƒAƒ‰v@[ƒ}ƒIƒŠŒê].

    harbor porpoise: n.[“®]ƒlƒYƒ~ƒCƒ‹ƒJ.

    harbor seal, common seal: n.ƒSƒ}ƒtƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV(ƒgƒbƒJƒŠ)[Å‚àˆê”Ê“I‚È‚à‚̂ŁA’P‚ɃAƒUƒ‰ƒV‚Æ‚à‚¢‚¤].

    hard clam: n.[ŠL]Œ˜Šk‚̃Nƒ‰ƒ€A[“Á‚É]quahog.
    ^hard clam: n.ƒnƒ}ƒOƒŠ.

    harder: n.[ƒAƒtƒŠƒJ][‹›]ƒ{ƒ‰(gray mullet).

    hardhead: n.[‹›]“ª•”‚ÌŒ˜‚¢[ƒjƒx‰È‚Ì]‹›A“Á‚ÉAtlantic croaker.

    hard-shell crab: n.[’E”ç‘O‚Å]Šk‚ÌŒ˜‚¢[H—p‚Ì]ƒJƒj(hard-shelled crab)(cf. soft-shell crab) [ŽQl] hard-shell: adj.Šk‚ÌŒ˜‚¢An.quahog.

    hard-tail: n.[‹›]blue runner.
    ^hardtail: n.[‹›]ƒVƒ}ƒAƒW.

    hardyhead: n.ƒgƒEƒSƒƒEƒCƒƒV.

    harp seal: n.[“®]ƒ^ƒeƒSƒgƒAƒUƒ‰ƒVAƒn[ƒvƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV.

    barracouta: n.(pl. `)[‹›]ƒNƒƒ^ƒ`ƒJƒ}ƒX‰È‚ÌŠCŽYH—p‹›; barracuda.

    barracuda: n.[‹›]ƒoƒ‰ƒN[ƒ_ [ƒJƒ}ƒX‰È‚Ìà֖Ò(‚Ç‚¤‚à‚¤)‚ȐH—p‹›; ’gŠCŽY].

    harvest fish: n.[‹›]‘¾•½—m¼ŠÝŽY‚̃Cƒ{ƒ_ƒC‰È‚Ì‹›.

    hatchet fish: n.[‹›]ƒ€ƒlƒGƒ\[ƒ€ƒlƒGƒ\‰È].
    ^marine hatchetfishes, Sternoptychidae: dœ‹›j¥ƒTƒP–Ú‚Ì‚P‰È.

    hausen: n.[‹›]ƒVƒƒ`ƒ‡ƒEƒUƒ(beluga).

    Hawaiian dragon eel: n.ƒgƒ‰ƒEƒcƒ{; Muraena pardalis.

    Hawaiian monk seal: n.ƒnƒƒCƒAƒ“ƒ‚ƒ“ƒNƒAƒUƒ‰ƒVAƒ^ƒCƒwƒCƒˆƒEƒ‚ƒ“ƒNƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV.

    hawksbill, hawksbill turtle: n.[“®]ƒ^ƒCƒ}ƒC(tortoiseshell turtle)[ƒEƒ~ƒKƒ‚̈êŽí; b—…(‚±‚¤‚ç)‚łׂÁb‚𐻂·‚é]A ƒxƒbƒRƒEƒKƒ^[“®]hawksbill: Eretmochelys imbricata.

    hawkfish: n.[‹›]ƒEƒCƒSƒ“ƒxƒC.

    headfish: n.[‹›]ƒ}ƒ“ƒ{ƒE(¨ [ocean] sunfish)(¨ Mola mola).

    heart urchin: n.[“®]ƒn[ƒgŒ`‚̃Eƒj.

    heavenly damselfish: n.ƒ\ƒ‰ƒXƒYƒƒ_ƒC; Pomacentrus coelestis.

    Heaviside's dolphin: n.ƒRƒVƒƒƒ`ƒCƒ‹ƒJ [ƒ}ƒCƒ‹ƒJ‰È‚ÌŽ•Œ~—Þ].

    Hector's dolphin: n.ƒZƒbƒpƒŠƒCƒ‹ƒJ [‰æ‘œ(1)][‰æ‘œ(2)].

    helmet cowfish: n.[‹›]H.

    helmet crab: n.[“®]ƒJƒuƒgƒKƒj(king crab) [ŽQÆ] horseshoe crab.

    helmet diving: n.ƒwƒ‹ƒƒbƒgƒ_ƒCƒrƒ“ƒO.

    helmet shell: n.ƒgƒŠƒ€ƒKƒCAƒgƒEƒJƒ€ƒŠ.

    helmet shrimp: n.ƒJƒuƒgƒGƒr.

    hen clam: n.ƒzƒbƒLƒKƒC.

    herbivorous: adj.‘H[«]‚Ì(cf. carnivorous)An.‘H‹›.
    ^herbivorous fish: ‘H‹›.
    ^herbivore: n.‘H“®•¨A‘H‹›A‘Hb(cf. carnivore) [—ᕶ] Herbivorous zooplankton are the primary consumers or grazers of phytoplankton.: ‘H«ƒvƒ‰ƒ“ƒNƒgƒ“‚͐A•¨ƒvƒ‰ƒ“ƒNƒgƒ“‚̈ꎟÁ”ïŽÒ‚ ‚é‚¢‚Í‘H‚ð‚·‚é “®•¨(ƒOƒŒ[ƒU[)‚Å‚ ‚é.

    hermit crab: n.ƒ„ƒhƒJƒŠ(Pagurus‘®).

    herring: n.(pl. `, `s)[‹›]ƒjƒVƒ“.
    ^herrings: n.pl.ƒjƒVƒ“‰ÈAƒjƒVƒ“—Þ(Clupeidae).
    ^kippered herring, red herring: ŒO»ƒjƒVƒ“.

    high-eyes: n.ƒƒ_ƒJ.

    Hilgendorf saucord: n.ƒ†ƒƒJƒTƒSAHelicolenus hilgendorfi.

    hippocampus: n.ƒ^ƒcƒmƒIƒgƒVƒS(¨ sea horse).

    hogfish: n.[‹›]ƒtƒTƒJƒTƒS‘®‚̐H—pŠC‹› [¼ƒCƒ“ƒh—mŽY]; ƒJƒiƒKƒVƒ‰(ƒzƒEƒ{ƒE‰È‚Ìgurnard)‚̈êŽí [•Ä‘“ìŠÝŽY]; ƒXƒYƒL‰È‚Ì‹› [–k•Ä’W…ŽY].

    hog sucker: n.[‹›]–k•ÄŽY‚̃TƒbƒJ[‚̈êŽí [Žž‚ɐH—p].

    holey coral: n.ƒAƒiƒTƒ“ƒS.

    holo-plankton; holoplankton: n.I¶(‚µ‚イ‚¹‚¢)ƒvƒ‰ƒ“ƒNƒgƒ“.

    holothurian: n.ƒiƒ}ƒR‚Ì—Þ.
    ^Holothuroidea: n.ƒiƒ}ƒR‚Ì—Þ.

    Holothuroidea: n.ƒiƒ}ƒR—Þ.

    honeycomb grouper: n.ƒJƒ‚ƒ“ƒnƒ^AEpinephelus merra.

    Hong Kong grouper: n.ƒLƒWƒnƒ^AEpinephelus akaara.

    honnibe croaker: n.ƒjƒxANibea mitsukurii.

    hood: n.[“®] hooded seal(ƒYƒLƒ“ƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV); [ŠC][¸~Œû‚Ì]‚¨‚¨‚¢AŠW(‚Ó‚½)AäyŒû•¢‚¢; [–C“ƒ‚Ì]“VŠW; [‰Œ“Ë‚Ì]ŽPA‰Œ“ˉΉԎ~‚ß; ƒt[ƒh; ‹TŒ`‘D”ö˜O.

    hooked seal: n.[“®]ƒYƒLƒ“ƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV(ƒnƒiƒuƒNƒƒAƒUƒ‰ƒV).

    hornbeak(hornfish) : n.ƒIƒLƒTƒˆƒŠ.

    horned seahorse: n.ƒ^ƒcƒmƒIƒgƒVƒSAHippocampus coronatus.

    hornfish: n.[‹›]ƒMƒ}[ƒXƒYƒL–ÚƒMƒ}‰È].

    hornfish: n.ƒ_ƒc.

    horn-shark: n.ƒlƒRƒUƒ.

    horny coral: ƒ„ƒM—Þ.

    horse crab: n.ƒPƒKƒjAƒIƒIƒNƒŠƒKƒj.

    horse-dung sea urchin: n.ƒoƒtƒ“ƒEƒj.

    horse eye jack: Caranx latus.

    horsehair crab: n.ƒPƒKƒjAƒIƒIƒNƒŠƒKƒj.

    horse mackerel: n.ƒAƒWAƒ}ƒAƒW.

    horse-scad mackerel: n.ƒ€ƒƒAƒW.

    horseshoe crab: n.ƒJƒuƒgƒKƒj.

    Hubbs' beaked whale: n.ƒnƒbƒuƒXƒIƒIƒMƒnƒNƒWƒ‰.

    hucho trout: n.[‹›]ƒCƒg.

    humpback: n.[“®]ƒUƒgƒEƒNƒWƒ‰(humpback whale); humpback salmon.

    humpback salmon, humpbacked salmon: n.[‹›]ƒJƒ‰ƒtƒgƒ}ƒX, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha [–k•Ä¼•”‚æ‚è–k“ú–{E’©‘N “ŒŠCŠÝ‚É‚©‚¯‚Ä•ª•z](¨ ƒZƒbƒpƒŠƒ}ƒX).

    humpback, humpback whale: n.ƒUƒgƒEƒNƒWƒ‰.

    hump-headed wrasse: n.ƒƒKƒlƒ‚ƒ`ƒmƒEƒI; Cheilinus undulatus.

    huss: n.[‹›]H—p‚̃gƒ‰ƒUƒ(dog fish).

    hydroid: adj.[“®]ƒqƒhƒ’Ž‚́Aƒqƒhƒ’Ž‚̂悤‚È(hydrozoan)A[“Á‚É]ƒqƒhƒƒ|ƒŠƒv‚́Aƒ|ƒŠƒvó‚́An.[“®]ƒqƒhƒ’Ž[—Þ]A [“Á‚É]ƒqƒhƒƒ|ƒŠƒv.

    Hydromedusae: n.ƒqƒhƒƒNƒ‰ƒQ—Þ.

    hydrophyte: n.…¶A•¨(¨ aquatic plant).

    Hydrozoa: n.ƒqƒhƒ’Ž—Þ.

    hydrozoans: n.ƒqƒhƒ’Ž—Þ.

    hygrobiose; hygrobiont: n.Ž¼¶¶•¨(¨ hygrophyte).

    hygrophyte: n.[A]Ž¼¶(‚µ‚Á‚¹‚¢)A•¨; hydrophyte.

    Hyperoodon spp.: ampullatus; planifrons.

    hyperpredator: n.[“®]’´•ßH“®•¨.

    hyphalmyroplankton: n.‹D…ƒvƒ‰ƒ“ƒNƒgƒ“.

    hypobion: n.‰ºÝ¶•¨.

    hypobiose: n.[¶ŒQ(‚µ‚ñ‚¹‚¢‚®‚ñ)A‰ºÝ¶•¨ŒQW.

    hyponeuston: n.…•\‰º¶•¨.
    ^epineuston: n.…•\ã¶•¨.

    hypoplankton: n.‰º‘w•‚—V¶•¨.



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