一枚の特選フォト「海 ＆ 船」
高千穂丸 [拡大画像: x27508.jpg]
瑞穂丸 [拡大画像: x28196.jpg]
香取丸 [拡大画像: x28197.jpg]
大和丸 [拡大画像: x28198.jpg]
5 「日本時期商船」コーナーのパネル展示 [x拡大画像なし]
台湾・台北市内の長榮海事博物館（Evergreen Matitime Museum）の展示の一つに「日本時期商船」というコーナーがあって、
「台湾航線船舶紹介(Introduction of Taiwanese Shipping Routes)」および「台湾航路紹介(Introduction to
Taiwan Sea Routes)」と題するパネルが展示される（画像5）。そこには、戦前に日本−台湾航路に就航した主要船舶として、
Built in the Mitsubishi Shipyard and launched in 1934, this ship was 144 meters long, had a displacement of 8,100 tons and could hold a total of 832 passengers. On March 19th 1943, the US navy torpedoed Takachiho Mari and it sank. Only around two handred passengers survived.
Luanched in September 1912, this ship had a displacement of 8,511 tons, was 140 meters long and could hold a total of 835 passengers. In 1930, it began its voyage between Kobe and Keelung; in 1944, it was bombed by the US forces north of Luzon and sank.
Launched in 1913, this ship was named after Katori Shrine (Katori Jingu) and had a displacement of 10,500 tons. It was 158.5 meters long and could hold a total of 358 passengers. In 1923, this mail boat sailed between Japan and Taiwan. It was bombed and sunk by a Dutch submarine in 1941.
This former Italian ship had a displacement of 9,655 tons, was 153 meters long and could hold a total of 1,068 passengers. It became a Japanese mail boat renamed Yamato Maru and navigated on Taiwanese shipping routes. In 1930, it sailed between Keelung and Kobe and on September 13th 1941, it was bombed and sunk by a US submarine in the east of Zhoushan Island.
The development of shipping reached its peak in the Japanese colonial period. Shipping from Japan to Taiwan started from 1896 and in 1945, traveling by boat had become the most important form of transportation. Returning to west depended on shipping and Taiwan's location at the center of East Asia made it a key port for boats to berth.
In late Qing Dynasty, Douglas Lapraik & Co. (Britain) opened sea routes from Danshuei and Anping to Southeastern China. Under the Japanese reign, the Taiwanese Government ordered and subsized the Osaka Shosen Kaisha and NYK Line (Nippon Yusen KK) to run sea routes between Taiwan and Japan, which stopped at Takao, Anping, and Pescadores every week from 1896.
Until Osaka Shosen Kaisha and NYK Line opened routes between Keelung and Kobe - plus those between Kaohsiung and Yokohama in 1915 - the most comfortable and stable ships were 10,000 tons.
A ferry trip to Japan used to cost 60 yen for a first-class cabin and 20 yen元 (equivalent to a public servant's monthly salary)
for an economy cabin. Consequently, these ships offered services like guided tour at harbors and the delivery of mail,
luggage, and telegrams.
During the beginning of Japan's Showa Period, Osaka Shosen Kaisha had published an instruction manual about the sea routes of Taiwan that were operated by them, including the information of the routes schedule, the passenger guidelines , an introduction of ships, the timetable and price table for each route and the information about combined sea and land transportation. Due to the entire line of Taiwan's Western Line fully operational in 1908, the manual also included a travel guide to the scenic spots along the railway line, which marked a milestone of Taiwan's tourism and transportation development.